In this blog, I will discuss Linux, the Advantages of Linux, Architecture and many more. Let’s Begin!
What is Linux?
Linux is an open-source operating system(OS) that directly controls the computer hardware. The computer hardware consists of CPU, Memory, and Storage(Disks). It is the software that makes the connection between computer resources and applications so that physically we can achieve something. The Operating system consists of instructions that pass to the computer’s processor(CPU) when we physically tried to obtain the desired output. The CPU process all the task given by operating System with the help of application and send the result back to the user with the help of operating systems
Architecture of Linux
The Linux operation System contains
Hardware – Physical devices.
Kernal – This is the Heart of the Operating System. Kernal depends on the machine and directly interacts with physical devices.
Shell – This plays a role between kernel and user. The user can’t interact with Kernel directly, so the shell does it. This is a high-level programing language, that interprets instruction given by the User. When the user executes any command, the shell converts it to Machine language and sends it to the kernel. The kernel sends desired output to the user via shell.
Application- Programs that are written in High-level language give facility to user to connect with Operation System.
User – The human being, directly interacts with the system.
Advantages of Linux
Many people have questions, Why do we use Linux?
To answer this question, I would like to know about your current OS. Is this compatible with your work? It really works fine or it is average? Does Your System slow down sometimes, have issues likes malware attack, file system crash and license issue? If all the above points are normal for your Current Os then you must choose Linux Operating System.
Linux is an open-source operating system. That is, you may easily obtain the source code and modify it to develop as you like. Linux is now extensively utilized by professionals and students alike. It is the most common working framework for advanced business and web workers. Linux has had a significant impact on the globe.
Because Linux and many of its software are released under the GNU General Public License, there is no need to spend time and money obtaining licenses. You don’t have to be concerned about the applications you use with Linux.
In comparison to other operating systems, Linux is quite stable. To sustain performance levels, the Linux system does not need to be rebooted. It almost never freezes or slows down. It has been up and running for hundreds of days or more.
On a variety of networks, Linux delivers excellent performance. It is capable of handling a big number of users at the same time.
Linux is extremely adaptable. High-performance server applications, desktop applications, and embedded devices may all benefit from Linux. Only the components required for a certain purpose can be installed. You may also limit which machines can be used.
It is capable of running all standard Unix software packages and processing all common file types.
Linux is one of the safest operating systems available. Linux is more secure because of file ownership and permissions.
Networking is well supported by Linux, and client and server systems may be simply set up on any machine running the operating system. It is quicker than other operating systems at activities like network backup.
Linux is an operating system that allows you to multitask. It is capable of doing many tasks at the same time.
Fast and easy installation
A user-friendly installation is included with Linux releases.
Better use of hard disk
Even when the hard disc is nearly full, Linux makes good use of its resources.
There are several Linux distributions to choose from, giving you more options. Various distributions are developed and supported by different organizations. You can choose the one that appeals to you the most; the basic functionalities are the same.
Distribution Of Linux
On top of the Linux kernel, a Linux distribution is a collection of (typically open-source) applications. In a central secure software repository, a distribution (or short, distro) can package server software, system administration tools, documentation, and many desktop apps. A distro strives to provide a unified appearance and feel, safe and simple software management, and, in many cases, a defined operational purpose.
Linux is freely redistributable and can be obtained in a number of ways. Linux is packaged by a variety of people and organizations, and it is frequently combined with free or proprietary software. This type of package contains all of the software you’ll need to install and operate it. Linux is referred to as a Linux distribution.
Some popular distributions of Linux are follows :
1. Red Hat
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